Pitta dosha governs our bodies digestion and metabolism which transforms food into nourishment for a healthy mind and body. There are two universal elements fire and water that form the pitta dosha and it’s the cooking energy of fire and water that transforms food into nutrients. The principal function of pitta dosha is to maintain the normal physiology of the body by supplying nutrients and energy for all bodily functions.
The doshas exist in three states: hypofunction (kshaya), hyperfunction (vriddhi), and normal physiological state (sama). Observing the increase or decrease of the dosha is used to understand the current state of each dosha. When increased the features are in excess, when decreased the features are in decline and when in a normal state there is healthy function.
When pitta dosha is increased, the symptoms include yellowish color of stool, urine, eyes, and skin, increased hunger, increased thirst, burning sensation, feeling less sleep is required, lightheaded or fainting, weak sensory perception, inability to focus on daily tasks, loss of vitality and strength, desire for coldness, bitter taste in mouth, giddiness, excessive anger and irritability.
When pitta dosha is decreased, the symptoms include poor digestion and metabolism, feeling cold, loss of skin luster, body stiffness, pricking pain, loss of appetite, excessive roughness or coarseness of the body, tremors, feeling heavy, sluggish or weight gain, whitish coloration of eyes, skin, or nails.
When there are multiple signs of pitta dosha imbalance it is important to adopt an Ayurvedic protocol that supports returning the dosha back to its normal state. A pitta balancing protocol includes foods and herbs that are primarily sweet, bitter, and astringent tasting, as well as cooling qualities. Therapeutic procedures such as oleation, purgation, fasting, affusion, and massage should have anti-pitta action and be administered at the right time and dosage.
Of the above mentioned protocols, purgation is regarded as the most effective mode for returning pitta dosha back to its normal state. When pitta is overcome in the digestive system the administration of herbal purgatives will help balance the other parts of the body affected by an imbalanced pitta dosha.
Avipathi Churnam balances both pitta and kapha dosha, helps improve appetite and digestion, removes ama from the gut, and excess acidity from the liver.
Nimbamrita Asavam balances both vata and pitta dosha, the main herbs are neem and guduchi which help lower inflammation and pain, and support healthy joints, skin, and blood.
Kutaja Arishtam balances pitta dosha, the main herb kutaja helps to remove ama from the gut, eases gas, bloating and pain from the digestive system and kindles digestive fire.
Mahatiktaka Ghritam balances pitta dosha and is a combination of bitter herbs that helps remove ama and acid from the blood, liver, gut and skin, and supports healthy skin and complexion.
Trivril Leham balances both pitta and vata dosha, the main herb is trivrit which supports healthy bowel movements, helps to remove ama from the liver and digestive tract.
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